If you are thinking of learning how to do kayaking, the first thing to know is which factors can influence its features. The kayak weight limit is a fundamental concept you have to know to use the potential of kayaking fully. Kayak boats are different from traditional boats, being longer and at times wider or narrower. It isn’t easy to keep it stabilized and maneuver in the right direction. Often kayak accidents occur where the boats sink suddenly. Most reasons behind this are the lack of knowledge about the maximum weight limit. This article focuses on the necessity of having sound knowledge about kayaks and how to have a stable kayaking ride keeping this factor in mind.
Does the weight of a kayak matter?
Despite being one of the most famous sports vehicles, the kayak does not have industry-standard manufacturing guidelines. This creates many problems, as different companies make kayaks following their process and schedule. The result – kayaks not being able to sustain a certain weight. This information is often not provided under a standard; many ignore this feature and buy a kayak without watching the weight. Kayaks are at high risk of being drowned if proper weight is not maintained. So, it is essential to maintain or have knowledge about the kayak weight limit.
What is the Weight Limit of a Kayak?
The weight limit of a kayak refers to the maximum weight it can hold without sinking. In this weight, the boat will float. This means that to make you kayak float, the weight gear and paddler must remain under the weight limit. It is recommended not to load a kayak near its limit. In general, kayaks have limits that have weight limits ranging from 200 to 450 lbs.
What happens when the weight limit exceeds on a kayak?
Exceeding the kayak weight limit can be very dangerous. The kayak will completely lose its stability and drown. If there are disturbances in the water can further worsen the situation. To maintain proper stability, it is required that you load 30% less than the kayak’s weight limit. This means if a kayak has a weight limit of 350 lbs., it is recommended that you take a load less than 350 lbs.
Stability of a Kayak
Kayak boats have two types of stability, primary and secondary. Primary stability points to how steady the boat is when resting on a flat water surface. When the water disturbance is rough and the surface no longer flat, the kayak stability is then called secondary.
Why do you need to know this? During kayaking, these two stability needs to be maintained properly. In rougher water conditions, it is wise to learn how to maintain secondary stability perfectly. Learning how to keep the kayak in secondary stability is the biggest skill while kayaking.
How to increase the weight capacity of a kayak?
You can follow ways to increase the kayak weight limit, but it needs to be done cautiously. Here are some methods you can follow.
Upgrading the kayak’s design several
parts of a kayak can be improved; you can start with the hull of a kayak. There are four common hull designs out there-rounded, v-shaped, flat, pontoon. Each provides varying ranges of stability. Some offer greater secondary stability, whereas some provide both. Reading about them more can help which type can be suited to your needs.
Choose the right water.
To answer David Foster Wallace’s question to “How’s the water, folks?”, well the water should be salty. It is recommended to kayak in salt waters than in freshwater. The reason behind it is what makes anything float-buoyancy. In saltwater, better buoyancy can be attained and take the extra weight to an extent.
Can add outriggers increase the capacity of a kayak?
Adding an outrigger can increase stability, but they cannot increase the kayak weight limit. Outriggers increase each kayak’s halves’ buoyancy and displace it away from the kayak’s centerline. Outriggers can be a bit expensive and add complexity to the system. So, beware before adding it to the kayak to stabiles it.
Can one person use a kayak designed for two people?
A kayak made for two persons is called a tandem. Since it is designed for two people, it would not be easy to maneuver for a single person. Especially in rough weather, it gets harder to make the kayak stable as it is loaded insufficiently. Though some kayaks have sit-on-top spaces, most don’t. Sitting on top can somewhat give you control of the tandem.
Inflatable Kayak vs. Hardshell Kayak
Two types of kayaks are prevalent in the market, inflatable and hardshell. Hardshell kayaks are made from wood, plastic, fiberglass, or hybrid materials. They are rigid, sturdy, and most popular. In recent times, inflatable kayaks are gaining popularity. Inflatable kayaks are much wider and lightweight.
Inflatable kayak (on the right) and hardshell kayak (on the left). Source: Pick a Kayak.com
Inflatable kayaks can withstand more weight than hardshell ones. They have a greater weight capacity. Hardshells are less efficient when it comes to weight capacity; however, they are easier to control than inflatable kayaks. Inflatable kayaks also happen to be cheaper than hard shell ones.
Choose Your Kayak Wisely
To choose a perfect kayak for your use, the first thing to check is the weight limit. This value will help us understand how much weight you should include without jeopardizing the safety threshold. The width and length of a kayak are also important to consider. Longer and short width kayaks are perfect for going straight but less stable. Wider ones, on the other hand, are slow but steady. Unfortunately, slow and steady don’t win the kayaking race, but it is the best way to get started for beginners.
The kayak weight limit is a primary concern for proper maneuvering. It can impact the performance of the kayak as well as safety. This article focuses on the importance of this constraint and how to utilize this knowledge during kayaking.